Spiral Matrix

#include <stdio.h>
#define R 3
#define C 3

void spiralPrint(int m, int n, int a[R][C])
{
    int i, k = 0, l = 0;

    /*  k - starting row index
        m - ending row index
        l - starting column index
        n - ending column index
        i - iterator
    */

    while (k < m && l < n)
    {
        /* Print the first row from the remaining rows */
        for (i = l; i < n; ++i)
        {
            printf("%d ", a[k][i]);
        }
        k++;

        /* Print the last column from the remaining columns */
        for (i = k; i < m; ++i)
        {
            printf("%d ", a[i][n-1]);
        }
        n--;

        /* Print the last row from the remaining rows */
        if ( k < m)
        {
            for (i = n-1; i >= l; --i)
            {
                printf("%d ", a[m-1][i]);
            }
            m--;
        }

        /* Print the first column from the remaining columns */
        if (l < n)
        {
            for (i = m-1; i >= k; --i)
            {
                printf("%d ", a[i][l]);
            }
            l++;
        }
    }
}

/* Program to test above functions */
int main()
{
    int a[R][C] = { {1,  2,  3},
                    {8,  9,  4},
                    {7,  6,  5}
    };

    spiralPrint(R, C, a);
    return 0;
}

Output

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

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